Each field is different and it depends on many factors such as forage species, fertilization program, plant stage when cut, bale weight (how tightly packed), etc. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity.

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Here"s an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon:

Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb.4,000 lb./65 lb. per bale = 62 bales/ac

Excellent fields might produce 7 tons per acre and bales might be packed tighter and weigh 85 lb each:

14,000 lb./ 85 lb. per bale = 165 bales.

There are some who are able to consistently produce at this level, but these are the better producers farming very productive soils.


Designed to help dairy farmers calculate the costs of homegrown forages and compare them to the costs of purchasing forages. Presents typical per-acre costs of establishing, producing, and harvesting alfalfa or grass for silage to...

Troy Downing |May 2013 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog




Nearly 500 tons of hay were distributed throughout the affected areas during the month of October when need was imperative for feeding hungry animals.

Jenifer Cruickshank |Mar 2021 |Impact story


Oregon’s Outback is a Sustainable Rangeland-Based Beef Production Video Library that highlights best management practices for cow-calf producers and agricultural professionals. The videos in this library fall within the three tenants ...

Sergio Arispe |Nov 2016 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Whether you’re growing hay for market or providing forage for livestock, a healthy pasture maintains soil health, produces high yields, excludes weeds and has a positive impact on the environment. Proper management is key to a...

Gordon Jones |Dec 2020 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Teff is an ancient grain, made popular recently as more growers turn to teff for its high yields of high-quality hay. New research outlined here shows that teff requires less nitrogen fertilizer and irrigation water than comparable forage crops. Learn how much to apply and when to apply it.

Richard Roseberg, Brian Charlton |Jun 2018 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

This publication describes the use of postharvest soil nitrate testing as a tool for assessment of nitrogen (N) management in manured cropping systems west of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon, Washington, and south coastal British Columbia.

Dan Sullivan, Linda Brewer |Feb 2021 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Forage producers in Crook, Deschutes and Jefferson counties want the latest information and research available to help them manage their forage operations better.

Mylen Bohle |Feb 2021 |Impact story

This series of leader guides is designed to help provide experiences related to forage quality for 4-H youth and their families. The individual sheets may be duplicated for distribution to members.

Sep 1993 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Rental rates for pasturing cattle and sheep vary depending on animal size or weight, the condition of the pasture, work done by each party and lease length.

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Shelby Filley |Aug 2018 |Article

This is a report on a research project where the objectives were to determine whether grazing cow-calf pairs on warm season grasses and brassica pastures would extend the grazing season and positively affect calf weaning weights, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and ranch profitability.

Shelby Filley, Janice Hunter |Dec 2019 |Article

Producers have questioned the conventional advice to apply lime to change the pH of coastal soils. We look at one set of data on ryegrass pastures that shows the return on investment may indeed be modest.

Troy Downing |May 2009 |Article

Grazing management requires flexibility to adapt to ever-changing climatic conditions, and changes in grazing management for public lands may be required because of endangered or threatened species. In adaptive grazing management, ...

Nov 2018 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Provides an overview of the role of selenium in the diet of livestock, and discusses selenium supplementation rates and supplementation methods. Lists guidelines for assessing livestock"s selenium status and summarizes research useful to Oregon livestock producers.

Fara Brummer, Gene Pirelli |Jun 2014 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Assists livestock producers in using forage analysis as a management tool to improve livestock nutrition. Explains the information commonly found in most laboratory forage reports: feed, protein, carbohydrates, fat, energy, ash, minerals, pH, nitrates, RFV, and RFQ.

Sergio Arispe, Shelby Filley |Nov 2016 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Livestock grazing in the high desert involves a careful balance of sustainable vegetation management in a shifting environment. Knowing which plant stages are most sensitive to grazing can help managers optimize their grazing strategy. Learn how with this photo guide to bunchgrass phenology.

Vanessa Schroeder, Dustin Johnson |Nov 2019 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

Farmers and ranchers new to pasture management in the Pacific Northwest can learn the basics of establishing and maintaining a productive pasture for their livestock.

Melissa Fery, David Hannaway, Maud Powell, Garry Stephenson |Dec 2020 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

This publication provides estimates of crop removal of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium for forage crops grown on dairies in western Oregon. It also provides guidance on liquid manure application rates to meet crop nitrogen requirements.

Troy Downing, Dan Sullivan |Nov 2020 |OSU csmaritimo-online.com Catalog

A productive alfalfa crop removes significant quantities of macronutrients and small amounts of micronutrients from the soil (Table 1). A complete fertilizer program is essential to ensure a highly productive, long-lived stand.

David Hannaway, Mylen Bohle, Daniel Miles, Yitian Lin, Brianna Randow |Sep 2019 |Article

Every spring questions arise pertaining to what current pasture rental rates are, and how to calculate a fair rental price. Supply and demand is the most important factor in determining rental rates, and since there is not a...

Cory Parson |Sep 2019 |Article

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